SOIL MECHANICS AND FOUNDATION ENGINEERING, vol.53, no.3, pp.202-209, 2016 (SCI-Expanded)
Freezing-thawing cycles in soils reduce considerably the foundation capacity of buildings and infrastructure. In recent years, development of nontraditional stabilizers has created hundreds of new products for soil stabilization. Fiber portions of biomass (such as lignin) can be considered as byproducts of the conversion process, and these byproducts are generally used to produce octane booster fuels, bio-based products, and other chemical products. The use of lignin-based biofuel co-products (BCPs) to stabilize pavement subgrade soil is an innovative idea and satisfies the needs of sustainable development in construction. A series of laboratory tests, including unconsolidated undrained direct shear test, freeze-thaw durability test, and scanning electron microscope tests, was conducted to evaluate the effect of BCP addition on shear strength performance for four different soils encountered in Iowa. The results of this study indicate that BCPs are beneficial in the soil stabilization of low-quality materials for use in road construction.