International Ecology 2018 Symposium, Kastamonu, Turkey, 19 - 23 June 2018, pp.569
Introduction: Lichens belong to the genus Cladonia are occurs very moist and forested areas. Lichens in the Cladonia foliace groups within the genus Cladonia in Turkey: C. foliacea (Huds.) Willd., C. firma (Nyl.) Nyl., C. caespiticia (Pers.) Flörke, Cladonia cervicornis (Ach.) Flot. C. parasitica (Hoffm.) Hoffm, C. symphycarpia (Flörke) Fr., C. cariosa (Ach.) Spreng.
Material and Methods: The seven species within C. foliace group were collected from various regions of Turkey between the years 2013 to 2015.
Results: The seven species within C. foliace group were examined morphologically, anatomically and ecologically. In addition, these species have also been examined phylogenetically after DNA isolation and PCR.
Discussion: The seven species have different ecological characteristics. C. foliacea is common in acidic habitats. C. firma is mainly distributed on the siliceous rocks in coastal areas. C. caespiticia spreads in forested areas and on mosses. C. cervicornis is common on soil and dunes. C. parasitica is usually distributed on pine and oak logs. C. symphycarpia is common on calcareous soils. C. cariosa is distributed in natural habitats with calcareous rock and soil. When examined also phylogenetically, the seven species are phylogenetically distinct from each other.