Is local methotrexate therapy effective in the treatment of cesarean scar pregnancy? A retrospective cohort study


Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research, vol.49, no.1, pp.122-127, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 49 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/jog.15453
  • Journal Name: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.122-127
  • Kayseri University Affiliated: No


© 2022 Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology.Aim: To evaluate the success of local methotrexate (MTX) treatment, the side-effect profile and its fertility effect in patients diagnosed with cesarean scar pregnancy. Materials: This retrospective cohort study included 56 cesarean scar pregnancy patients who applied to Erciyes University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology between January 2012 and January 2022 and were treated with ultrasound-guided local MTX. The results of 56 patients with cesarean scar pregnancy who underwent transvaginal ultrasound-guided single-dose local MTX treatment were evaluated. First, the contents of the sac were aspirated, and then 50 mg of MTX was injected into the gestational sac. Results: The median gestational age at diagnosis was 7 weeks 2 days. The mean beta human chorionic gonadotrophin level was 31 345 ± 37 838 (range: 113–233 835 mIU/mL). Fifty-four patients were successfully treated with local MTX therapy. The interval between the first MTX injection and the normalization of beta human chorionic gonadotrophin was 55.2 ± 41.0 days. None of our patients required surgical treatment. Beta human chorionic gonadotrophin values did not decrease in one patient and she was treated with systemic MTX. Local MTX therapy could not be applied to one patient for technical reasons. Only one patient needed blood transfusion after local MTX. Thirteen patients become pregnant after treatment (76%). No systemic side effects related to MTX were observed in any of the patients. Conclusion: Transvaginal ultrasound-guided single-dose local MTX treatment is an effective, safe, and fertility-preserving treatment method for cesarean scar pregnancy.