© 2022, The Author(s).The aim of this study was to estimate genomic heritability and the impact that genetic backgrounds have on blood parameters in Akkaraman sheep by conducting genome-wide association studies and regional heritability mapping analysis. Genomic heritability estimates for blood parameters ranged from 0.00 to 0.55, indicating that measured phenotypes have a low to moderate heritability. A total of 7 genome- and 13 chromosome-wide significant SNPs were associated with phenotypic changes in 15 blood parameters tested. Accordingly, SCN7A, SCN9A, MYADM-like, CCDC67, ITGA9, MGAT5, SLC19A1, AMPH, NTRK2, MSRA, SLC35F3, SIRT6, CREB3L3, and NAV3 genes as well as three undefined regions (LOC101117887, LOC106991526 and LOC105608461) were suggested as candidates. Most of the identified genes were involved in basic biological processes that are essential to immune system function and cellular growth; specific functions include cellular transport, histone deacetylation, cell differentiation, erythropoiesis, and endocytosis. The top significant SNP for HCT, MCH, and MCHC was found within a genomic region mainly populated by the MYADM-like gene family. This region was previously suggested to be under historical selection pressure in many sheep breeds from various parts of the world. These results have implications on animal breeding program studies due to the effect that the genetic background has on blood parameters, which underlying many productive and wellness related traits.