Ultrastructural Pathology, vol.46, no.4, pp.313-322, 2022 (SCI-Expanded)
© 2022 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.The Effect of Pulsed Radiofrequency Application on Nerve Healing After Sciatic Nerve Anastomosis in Rats. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the histomorphological and functional effect of Pulsed Radiofrequency (PRF) application on regeneration after experimental nerve damage in rats. Forty Sprague-Dawley male rats were used in the study. Sciatic nerve incision was applied to all rats and then anastomosis was performed. Twenty rats were separated as the control group, and the remaining 20 rats underwent PRF every day at 42oC, for 120 seconds. The groups were divided into two further subgroups to be sacrificed on the 15th and 30th days. Tissue samples were obtained from all groups at 24 hours and 72 hours after the injury. Sections of sciatic nerve samples were stained with hematoxylin-eosin for light microscopic investigation and prepared for evaluation of ultrastructural changes with transmission electron microscopy. In the evaluation of axon numbers and diameters were seen that the 30th-day RF group had an increase compared to the control group. In the electron microscopic examination, it was observed that myelinated and unmyelinated nerve fiber sheaths had borders that are more regular in the RF group, the nucleus structures of schwann cells were better preserved, mitochondrial damage was less, and the extensions of fibroblast and collagen fibers were smoother than the control group. The findings suggested that PRF application has a positive contribution histologically on nerve healing in the early period after full-layer incision nerve injury anastomosis surgery.