TiO2 and Ag NPs modified polyacrylonitrile NFs: Antimicrobial, self-cleaning and SERS sensing capabilities for protective clothing applications

Ceylan A., Karagoz S., Tekin S., Kayaci N., Pekdemir S., Salem S., ...More

Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, vol.678, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 678
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.colsurfa.2023.132432
  • Journal Name: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Compendex, EMBASE, INSPEC
  • Keywords: Antimicrobial activity, Photocatalysis, Polyacrylonitrile NFs, Protective clothing, SERS
  • Kayseri University Affiliated: Yes


The COVID-19 outbreak has clearly shown that significant advances are required in protective clothing technology. This study presents fabrication of multifunctional polyacrylonitrile (PAN) nanofiber mats doped with titanium dioxide and Ag nanoparticles (Ag@PAN-TiO2 NFs). This multifunctional material exhibited antimicrobial properties, can self-clean under light due to its photocatalytic feature, and allows the detection of pollutants directly on NFs by surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS). The multi-functional mat showed a robust killing effect for E. coli and S. Aureus bacterial strains and bovine coronavirus. Additionally, the highly stable and reusable photocatalytic and self-cleaning activities of the mat were examined via the photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue (MB). The same molecule could be detected on the same platform at a concentration as low as 100 pM using SERS. This novel design integrated hotspot engineering with strategies to form multi-functional materials that emerge from antimicrobial, plasmonic, and photocatalytic properties.