4th International Conference on Engineering and Natural Sciences (ICENS), Kiev, Ukraine, 02 May 2018
Coloration of textile materials is of great importance to response the demand of consumers. Today coloration of textile materials is most commonly managed by the use of different synthetic dyes. On the other hand different natural sources have been started to be tested again as dye source. In this respect different herbal sources can be used. In this study, Equisetum Arvense L. (horsetail) plant, which is now used for different aims were used for coloring of cotton fibers. Two different cotton based materials “cotton yarns” and “cotton fabrics” were colored with Equisetum Arvense L. in presence of five different metal salts (mordanting agents). These metal salts were designated as CuSO4.5H2O, FeSO4.7H2O, KAl(SO4)2.12H2O, ZnSO4 and K2Cr2O7. By the use of these mordanting agents, it was planned to increase the color efficiency of the dyed samples and to obtain different shades. For the coloration of cotton materials, the dyeing process was set to be one hour at boiling temperature. Subsequently the process was completed by washing and drying of cotton textile materials. The dyed samples were then evaluated in terms of color efficiencies (K/S) and CIE L*, a*, b*, c* and h° values. At the same time, some fastnesses of the dyed samples were tested too. Consequently, it has been found that Equisetum Arvense L. plant can dye cotton fabrics and yarns.