Synthesis and cycling performance of double metal doped LiMn2O4 cathode materials for rechargeable lithium ion batteries

Sahan H., Goktepe H., PATAT Ş.

INORGANIC MATERIALS, vol.44, no.4, pp.420-425, 2008 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 44 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.1134/s0020168508040171
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.420-425
  • Kayseri University Affiliated: No


In order to improve the cycling performance of LiMn2O4, the spinel phases LiCo0.15Mn1.85O4 and LiCo0.05M0.1Mn1.85O4 (M = Ni, Zn, Cu) were prepared by the sol-gel method. Their structures have been investigated by x-ray diffraction. Electrochemical studies were carried out using the Li | Li (x) Mn2O4 (x = 1.05, 1.1), LiCo0.15Mn1.85O4, and LiCo0.05M0.1Mn1.85O4 (M = Ni, Zn, Cu) cells. The capacity loss of Li | Li (x) Mn2O4 (x = 1.05, 1.1) cells is about 21.7 and 6.4% after 30 cycles, whereas that for Co, Co-Ni, Co-Zn, and Co-Cu doped spinel materials is about 4.0, 2.0, 1.0, and 1.9%, respectively. The good capacity retention of LiCo0.05M0.1Mn1.85O4 (M = Ni, Zn, Cu) electrodes is attributed to stabilization of spinel structure by double metal doping for Mn ion sites. Double substituted spinels display better performance in terms of cycle-life compared with LiMn2O4.