Separation of Mn and Fe from a Manganiferous Iron Ore Using Horse Dung as Reductant: A Zero Waste Approach

TOP S., ALTINER M., Kursunoglu S.

JOM, vol.74, no.2, pp.474-483, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 74 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11837-021-05057-3
  • Journal Name: JOM
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, ABI/INFORM, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, EMBASE, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.474-483
  • Kayseri University Affiliated: No


© 2021, The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society.The separation of manganese and iron from a manganiferous iron ore using horse dung (biomass) as reductant was investigated in a sulfuric acid solution, and 99.80% Mn and 17.76% Fe were extracted into the solution under these leaching conditions: 1 M sulphuric acid concentration, 120 g/L biomass, 1/10 solid to liquid ratio, 300 rev/min stirring speed, 90°C leaching temperature, and 3 h leaching time. In the first precipitation step, the iron and aluminum were first rejected from the solution at pH 5.04. Thereafter, 98.58% Mn was precipitated at pH 10 in the second step. The precipitate was identified as a pyrochroite mineral. After the leaching, the residue was subjected to a carbothermal reduction process conducted at 700°C for 10 min in the presence of no extra reductant. The residue was converted to magnetite mineral, which can be easily recovered by magnetic separation. Based on the experimental results, a flowsheet has been proposed.