Nitrogen-doped graphene: beyond single substitution and enhanced molecular sensing

Lv R., Lı Q., Botello-Mendez A. R., Hayashı T., Wang B., Berkdemir A., ...More

SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, vol.2, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 2
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1038/srep00586
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Kayseri University Affiliated: No


Graphene is a two-dimensional network in which sp(2)-hybridized carbon atoms are arranged in two different triangular sub-lattices (A and B). By incorporating nitrogen atoms into graphene, its physico-chemical properties could be significantly altered depending on the doping configuration within the sub-lattices. Here, we describe the synthesis of large-area, highly-crystalline monolayer N-doped graphene (NG) sheets via atmospheric-pressure chemical vapor deposition, yielding a unique N-doping site composed of two quasi-adjacent substitutional nitrogen atoms within the same graphene sub-lattice (N-2(AA)). Scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy (STM and STS) of NG revealed the presence of localized states in the conduction band induced by N-2(AA)-doping, which was confirmed by ab initio calculations. Furthermore, we demonstrated for the first time that NG could be used to efficiently probe organic molecules via a highly improved graphene enhanced Raman scattering.