Helicobacter turcicus sp. nov., a catalase-negative new member of the Helicobacter genus, isolated from Anatolian Ground Squirrel (Spermophilus xanthoprymnus) in Turkey

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International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, vol.72, no.5, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 72 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1099/ijsem.0.005338
  • Journal Name: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: Anatolian ground squirrel, Helicobacter, feces, novel species, overall genome-related index, GASTRIC HELICOBACTERS, MINIMAL STANDARDS, CAMPYLOBACTER, IDENTIFICATION, PULLORUM, SEQUENCES, ANIMALS, PYLORI, TESTS, TREES
  • Kayseri University Affiliated: No


© 2022 The Authors.Eleven Gram-negative, curved and S-shaped, oxidase activity positive, catalase activity negative bacterial isolates recovered from faeces of Anatolian ground squirrel (Spermophilus xanthoprymnus) in the city of Kayseri, Turkey, were subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic study. Results of a genus-specific PCR revealed that these isolates belonged to the genus Helicobacter. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that the 11 isolates had over 99% sequence identity with each other and were most closely related to Helicobacter ganmani CMRI H02T with 97.0–97.1% identity levels and they formed a novel phylogenetic line within the genus Helicobacter. Faydin-H64 and Faydin-H70T strains were subjected to gyrA and atpA gene and whole genome sequence analyses. These two Helicobacter strains formed separate phylogenetic clades, divergent from other known Helicobacter species. The DNA G+C content and genome size of the strain Faydin-H70T were 35.3 mol% and 1.7 Mb, respectively. Average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA–DNA hybridization (dDDH) values between strain Faydin-H70T and its close phylogenetic neighbour H. winghamensis ATCC BAA-430T were determined as 81.7 and 34.9%, respectively. Pairwise sequence comparison showed that it was closely related to H. ganmani CMRI H02T however it shared the highest ANI and dDDH values with H. winghamensis ATCC BAA-430T. The data obtained from the polyphasic taxonomy approach, including phenotypic characterization and whole-genome sequences, revealed that these strains represent a novel species within the genus Helicobacter, for which the name Helicobacter turcicus sp. nov., is proposed with Faydin-H70T as the type strain (=DSM 112556T=LMG 32335T).