An experimental study on thickness loss of Wilton-type carpets produced with different pile materials after prolonged heavy static loading. Part-I: Characteristic parameters and carpet behaviour

Koc E., Celik N., Tekin M.

FIBRES & TEXTILES IN EASTERN EUROPE, vol.13, no.4, pp.56-62, 2005 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2005
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.56-62
  • Keywords: Wilton-type carpets, static loading, thickness loss, carpet parameters, PROBABILITY FRACTURE-MECHANICS, WEAR MODEL
  • Kayseri University Affiliated: No


Three carpets from Turkey with different pile materials (wool, acrylic and PP), 1/3 V-type and woven by face to face in the Wilton system are used to evaluate the thickness loss in compression after prolonged heavy static loading. The tests were conducted in accordance with internationally accepted standard methods in a conditioned testing laboratory. The characteristic parameters, defined as the squeezing susceptibility or compression sensitivity S (%), permanent deformation Dp (%), elasticity E (%) and resilience R (%) determining the carpets' behaviours, were calculated using the thicknesses measured before loading and after various recovery periods, and the thickness differences (or deformation levels) between these periods. This study forms apart of an examination of carpets under static and dynamic loading, and includes only the static loading results.