CELLULOSE CHEMISTRY AND TECHNOLOGY, vol.55, pp.325-342, 2021 (SCI-Expanded)
This study has been conducted to find out whether black carrot extract can be used as a dyestuff to dye textile materials. For this purpose, the two most widely used textiles (namely, cotton and wool) have been selected. The extractions from the black carrot were performed directly in the dyebath. An ultrasonic bath at 80 degrees C for 60 minutes was used to increase extraction efficiency. All the dyeing processes were carried out at 100 degrees C for 60 minutes, both with and without some metal salts, using two different dye concentrations in 1:1 and 1:10 ratios (material weight: dye extraction volume). Six different metal salts, i.e. K2Cr2O7, CuSO45H2O, FeSO47H2O, SnCl22H2O, ZnSO47H2O, KAl(SO4)(2)center dot 12H(2)O, were used in the dyeing processes, according to pre- and simultaneous mordanting methods. After the dyeing processes, the dyed samples' CIE L*a*b* and color efficiency K/S values were determined by spectrophotometry. The SEM and FTIR data of the fabrics were collected and evaluated at the end of the trials as well. At the same time, perspiration, rubbing, washing and light fastness values of the dyed materials were also assessed. Acceptable fastness test results were obtained for the dyed samples. The findings of the study indicated that the dyeability performance of wool and cotton fabrics with black carrot (Daucus carota L.) extract could be greatly influenced by the mordant used and its application method.