Environmental Science and Pollution Research, vol.29, no.45, pp.68923-68940, 2022 (SCI-Expanded)
Article / Article
Environmental Science and Pollution Research
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Brazil, China, Ecological footprints, Natural resources, Human capital, QARDL, ENVIRONMENTAL KUZNETS CURVE, ECONOMIC-GROWTH, CO2 EMISSIONS, ENERGY-CONSUMPTION, TIME-SERIES, OIL PRICES, UNIT-ROOT, HYPOTHESIS, COUNTRIES, IMPACT
Kayseri University Affiliated:
© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.The relations among ecological footprints, biocapacity per capita, gross domestic product per capita, natural resources, urbanization, human capital, and hydroelectric consumption are analyzed from 1971Q1 to 2017Q4 for Brazil and China. The novel quantile autoregressive distributive lag method was employed to analyze the long-run and short-run dynamics of environmental degradation. The findings revealed that economic growth has a positive role in the environmental degradation of both countries. However, human capital, natural resources, and hydropower have heterogeneous effects across quantile distribution and between the two countries. Based on the quantile dynamics of environmental degradation, the present study mentions policy implications for sustainable development.