Etiological and Predisposing Factors in Calves with Neonatal Diarrhea: A Clinical Study in 270 Case Series[1] Neonatal İshalli Buzağılarda Etiyolojik ve Predispoze Faktörler: 270 Olgu Serisinde Klinik Bir Çalışma


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KELEŞ İ., EKİNCİ G., TÜFEKÇİ E., ÇİTİL M., GÜNEŞ V., ASLAN Ö., ...More

Kafkas Universitesi Veteriner Fakultesi Dergisi, vol.28, no.3, pp.315-326, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 28 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.9775/kvfd.2021.26981
  • Journal Name: Kafkas Universitesi Veteriner Fakultesi Dergisi
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.315-326
  • Keywords: Calf, Diarrhea, Etiology, Predisposing factor, CALF DIARRHEA, RISK-FACTORS, DAIRY CALVES, CRYPTOSPORIDIUM, PREVALENCE, INFECTION, GIARDIA, HEALTH, GROWTH, CATTLE
  • Kayseri University Affiliated: No

Abstract

© 2022, Veteriner Fakultesi Dergisi. All rights reserved.This study was carried out to find out the etiology and predisposing factors of calves having diarrhea from Kayseri province and its neighboring cities between January 2016 and September 2019. A total of 270 neonatal diarrheic calves were included to this study. Comprehensive information was obtained by face-to-face interviews with the animal owners about administrative practices such as the vaccination status of the dams, farm type, colostrum intake status. The etiological agents were determined using the lateral flow immunochromatographic test kits. As a result of this investigation, out of 270 diarrheic cases; 21.9% (59) Cryptosporidium spp., 15.6% (42) E. coli K99+, 14.1% (38) bovine coronavirus (BCoV), 10.4% (28) bovine rotavirus (BRV), 9.3% (25) Cryptosporidium spp.+BRV, 8.5% (23) BRV+BCoV were found. Interms of shelter type; 85.2% (230) were traditional and 14.8% (40) were modern type. Regarding the colostrum intake situation; 7.4% (20) received no colostrum, 11.1% (30) received insufficient colostrum and 81.5% (220) received colostrum adequately and on time. Additionally, 36.7% (99) calf mothers were vaccinated and 63.3% (171) were unvaccinated. Compared to those born in autumn, calves born in winter; 6.5-fold, in the spring season; 3.6-fold and in summer; 5.2-fold more likely to develop diarrhea caused by E. coli K99+. These findings may generate valuable information not only for the clinicians and researchers but also animal health experts, policy makers, farmer etc.