The Effect of Patient Education Prior to Rhinoplasty Surgery on Anxiety, Pain, and Satisfaction Levels

TOPAN H., MUCUK S., Yontar Y.

Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing, vol.37, no.3, pp.374-379, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 37 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jopan.2021.07.001
  • Journal Name: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, DIALNET
  • Page Numbers: pp.374-379
  • Keywords: anxiety, pain, patient satisfaction, patient education, rhinoplasty, PREOPERATIVE ANXIETY, POSTOPERATIVE PAIN, NEWCASTLE SATISFACTION, ANESTHESIA, KNOWLEDGE
  • Kayseri University Affiliated: No


© 2021 American Society of PeriAnesthesia NursesPurpose: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of education before rhinoplasty surgery on patients’ anxiety, pain, and satisfaction levels. Design: This was a randomized controlled experimental study. Methods: Of the 90 patients who underwent rhinoplasty surgery at Kayseri City Hospital, Turkey between October 2017 and December 2018, 79 were included in the study. The patients were assigned to an experimental or control group according to a computer-generated randomization list. The experimental group (n = 36) was educated using a rhinoplasty training guide prior to routine plastic surgery procedures. The control group (n = 35) received only routine plastic surgery procedures. A patient identification form, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Newcastle Satisfaction with Nursing Care Scale, and Visual Analog Scale were used to collect data. Data analysis included the Shapiro–Wilk normality test, Q-Q plot, two-way analysis of variance, Friedman and Mann-Whitney U tests, and Pearson's chi-square. Findings: In the postoperative period, the mean state anxiety inventory score of the experimental group (36.25 ± 9.78) was found to be significantly lower than that of the control group (42.28 ± 9.42) (P < .05). There was no statistically significant difference between the trait anxiety inventory scores of the experimental (39.63 ± 10.20) and control (38.77 ± 6.16) (P > .05) groups. The mean Newcastle Satisfaction with Nursing Care Scale score of the experimental group (71.01 ± 14.65) was significantly higher than the control group (62.93 ± 16.36) (P < .05). There was no significant difference between the pain scores of experimental and control groups postoperatively at 6, 12, and 24 hours (P > .05). Conclusions: Based on the results of our study, we conclude that it would be beneficial to educate patients before rhinoplasty surgery in line with their needs and aesthetic concerns.