Optimizing operation parameters of a spark-ignition engine fueled with biogas-hydrogen blend integrated into biomass-solar hybrid renewable energy system

Bui V. G., Tu Bui T. M., Ong H. C., Nižetić S., Bui V. H., Xuan Nguyen T. T., ...More

Energy, vol.252, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 252
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.energy.2022.124052
  • Journal Name: Energy
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), CAB Abstracts, Communication Abstracts, Computer & Applied Sciences, Environment Index, INSPEC, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Public Affairs Index, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Renewable energy, Hybrid-energy system, Hydrogen-biogas blends, Spark-ignition engine, Engine performance, Emission characteristics, EMISSION CHARACTERISTICS, PERFORMANCE, COMBUSTION, METHANE, WIND, EFFICIENCY, MIXTURES
  • Kayseri University Affiliated: No


© 2022 Elsevier LtdThe smart control of the biogas-hydrogen engine is needed to improve the overall energy efficiency of the hybrid renewable energy system. The paper presents some simulation results of the optimal control parameters of the engine aiming to achieve the compromise between performance and pollutant emissions of the biogas-hydrogen engine. In neat biogas fueling mode, the optimal equivalence ratio changes from 1.05 to 1.01 as the CH4 composition in biogas increases from 60% to 80%. By adding 20% hydrogen into biogas, the optimal equivalence ratio practically reaches the stoichiometric value, despite the variation of CH4 concentration. At the same operating condition and hydrogen content, an increase of 10% CH4 in biogas leads to a decrease of 2°CA in the optimal advanced ignition angle. However, at a given engine speed and biogas composition, the optimal advanced ignition angle decreased by 3°CA when adding 10% hydrogen into biogas. The optimal ignition angle is independent of the load regime. Under optimal operating conditions, the addition of 20% hydrogen content into biogas is found to improve the indicated engine cycle work by 6%, to reduce CO and HC emissions by 5–10 times; however, it increases NOx emission by 10–15% compared to neat biogas fueling mode.