The 4rd International Symposium on EuroAsian Biodiversity, Kyyiv, Ukraine, 3 - 06 July 2018, pp.78
Aim of the study: The Cladonia genus is classified within the Cladoniacaea family (Lecanorales
ordo and Ascomycota divisio). The genus contains a large number of secondary metabolites
(lichenic acids) which are very important from a systematic point of view. Here we looked at the
morphological, anatomical and ecological characters traditionally used to distinguish species in
Material and Methods: The samples were collected in field studies conducted in different
localities, ecological characteristics were noted, according to the diagnosis made and herbarium
brought morphological and anatomical features images taken in the microscope. Important
characters in the genus systematics; the anatomy and morphology of primer and seconder
thallus, the surface anatomy, branching and morphology of the podetia, the vegetative
propagules carried, the conidium properties, and the secondary compounds contained.
Results: The Cladonia furcata complex here treated comprises C. furcata (Huds.) Schrad, C.
rangiformis Hoffm., C. scabriuscula (Delise) Leight. and C. subrangiformis L. Scriba ex Sandst. The
morphological and anatomical characteristics of each species were determined. Differences with
other similar species in the genus are discussed. The ecological characteristics of the
environment in which they are collected are compared with previous records, both from our
country and from outside of our country. This study contributed to the determination of lichen
diversity of our country.