Ecology of Cladonia furcata Group Distributed In Turkey


Kocakaya M., Halıcı M. G. , Kocakaya Z.

The 4rd International Symposium on EuroAsian Biodiversity, Kyyiv, Ukraine, 3 - 06 July 2018, pp.78

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • City: Kyyiv
  • Country: Ukraine
  • Page Numbers: pp.78

Abstract

Aim of the study: The Cladonia genus is classified within the Cladoniacaea family (Lecanorales

ordo and Ascomycota divisio). The genus contains a large number of secondary metabolites

(lichenic acids) which are very important from a systematic point of view. Here we looked at the

morphological, anatomical and ecological characters traditionally used to distinguish species in

this complex.

Material and Methods: The samples were collected in field studies conducted in different

localities, ecological characteristics were noted, according to the diagnosis made and herbarium

brought morphological and anatomical features images taken in the microscope. Important

characters in the genus systematics; the anatomy and morphology of primer and seconder

thallus, the surface anatomy, branching and morphology of the podetia, the vegetative

propagules carried, the conidium properties, and the secondary compounds contained.

Results: The Cladonia furcata complex here treated comprises C. furcata (Huds.) Schrad, C.

rangiformis Hoffm., C. scabriuscula (Delise) Leight. and C. subrangiformis L. Scriba ex Sandst. The

morphological and anatomical characteristics of each species were determined. Differences with

other similar species in the genus are discussed. The ecological characteristics of the

environment in which they are collected are compared with previous records, both from our

country and from outside of our country. This study contributed to the determination of lichen

diversity of our country.