© 2022 Hande Nur Şahin and Aysun AdanObjectives: Therapeutic potential of clinically approved FLT3 inhibitor midostaurin has been neglected in wild-type FLT3 positive acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Sphingosine kinase-1 (SK-1) having anti-proliferative functions is studied in various cancers, but not in FLT3 wild-type AML. We aimed to develop new therapeutic strategies to combat FLT3 wild-type AML by combining midostaurin with SK-1 inhibitor (SKI II) in THP1 cells. Methods: The anti-proliferative effects of midostaurin, SKI II and in combination on THP1 cells were determined by MTT assay. The combination indexes were calculated using calcusyn software. SK-1 expression and PARP cleavage were checked by western blot. Cell cycle distributions (PI staining) and apoptosis (annexin-V/PI dual staining) were assessed by flow cytometry for each agent alone and in combinations. Results: Midostaurin decreased SK-1 protein level. Midostaurin, SKI II and certain combinations decreased cell viability in a dose dependent manner. The combined anti-leukemic effects of the aforementioned drug combination afforded additive effect. Co-administration induced both necrosis and apoptosis via phosphatidylserine externalization, PARP cleavage and cell cycle arrest at G0/G1 and S phases. Conclusions: Targeting sphingosine kinase-1 together with FLT3 inhibition could be a novel mechanism to increase limited clinic response to midostaurin in wild-type FLT3 overexpressing AML after further pre-clinical studies.