Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi / The Journal of Social Science, no.30, pp.325, 2018 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)
The present report is the main initiative of the G7 countries to investigate the linkages between renewable energy, population and CO2 emissions per capita between 1990 and 2014 with GDP and non-renewable power. The variables used according to the panel unit root test applied in the study are stationary at the first level. According to Pedroni cointegration test to investigate co-integration between variables, there is co-integration between variables. According to the Panel OLS, FMOLS and DOLS tests we use to determine the long-term coefficients of the variables, renewable energy consumption and energy production from renewable sources play a negative role in carbon absorption. It is observed that energy production and consumption, GDP and urban population have a positive effect on carbon emission. According to the results of the tests carried out in the study, it is seen that the increase of carbon in these countries is increasing in the GDP variable which is one of the indicators of the advanced levels of the countries. For all these reasons, G7 country managers should be the pioneers in using renewable energy, to move the whole world to the era of renewable energy and to minimize theenvironmental factors.