Improvement of the electrochemical performance of LiMn2O4 cathode active material by lithium borosilicate (LBS) surface coating for lithium-ion batteries

Sahan H., Goktepe H., PATAT Ş., ÜLGEN A.

JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, vol.509, no.11, pp.4235-4241, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 509 Issue: 11
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2011.01.054
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.4235-4241
  • Keywords: Electrode materials, Coating materials, Chemical synthesis, Electrochemical reactions, X-ray diffraction, Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), EMULSION DRYING METHOD, LI-MN-O, CYCLING STABILITY, MANGANESE SPINELS, CAPACITY LOSSES, CELLS, CYCLABILITY, TEMPERATURE, DISSOLUTION, VOLTAGE
  • Kayseri University Affiliated: No


The LBS coating on the surface of spinel LiMn2O4 powder was carried out using the solid-state method, followed by heating at 425 degrees C for 5 h in air. The powder X-ray diffraction pattern of the LBS-coated spinel LiMn2O4 showed that the LBS coating medium was not incorporated in the spinel bulk structure. The SEM result showed that the LBS coating particles were homogeneously distributed on the surface of the LiMn2O4 powder particles. The effect of the lithium borosilicate (LBS) coating on the charge-discharge cycling performance of spinel powder (LiMn2O4) was studied in the range of 3.5-4.5 V at 1C. The electrochemical results showed that LBS-coated spinel exhibited a more stable cycle performance than bare spinel. The capacity retention of LBS-coated spinel was more than 93.3% after 70 cycles at room temperature, which was maintained at 71.6% after 70 cycles at 55 degrees C. The improvement of electrochemical performance may be attributed to suppression of Mn2+ dissolution into the electrolyte via the LBS glass layer. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.