© 2021 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.Objectives: Considering the effects of bile-acid levels on fetal lungs and pulmonary surfactants, we hypothesized that in the presence of intrahepatic pregnancy cholestasis (ICP), poor neonatal respiratory problems are observed in relation to the severity of the disease. Delivery timing with the presence of ICP is scheduled during late-preterm and early term gestational weeks. The aim of this study was to assess ICP and disease severity effects on transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) in uncomplicated fetuses. Methods: This study comprised 1,097 singleton pregnant women who were separated into three groups - control, mild ICP, and severe ICP. The pregnant women diagnosed with ICP between January 2010 and September 2020 was investigated using the hospital's database. For the control group, healthy pregnant women who met the same exclusion criteria and were similar in terms of maternal age, gestational age at delivery, and mode of delivery were analyzed. Results: The TTN rate was 14.5% in the severe ICP group, 6.5% in the mild ICP group, and 6.2% in the control group. The TTN rate in the severe ICP group was significantly higher than that in the other groups (p<0.001). Similarly, the rate of admission to the neonatal intensive care unit was significantly higher in the severe ICP group than in the other groups (p<0.001). According to Pearson correlation analyses, maternal serum bile-acid levels were positively correlated with TTN (r=0.082; p=0.002). Conclusions: Severe ICP, but not mild ICP, and serum bile-acid levels were positively correlated with increased TTN risk and reduced pulmonary surfactant levels.