Improved of cathode performance of LiFePO4/C composite using different carboxylic acids as carbon sources for lithium-ion batteries

Goktepe H., Sahan H., Kilic F., PATAT Ş.

IONICS, vol.16, no.3, pp.203-208, 2010 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 16 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11581-009-0382-9
  • Journal Name: IONICS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.203-208
  • Kayseri University Affiliated: No


Among the several materials under development for use as a cathodes in lithium-ion batteries olivine-type LiFePO4 is one of the most promising cathode material. However, its poor conductivity and low lithium-ion diffusion limits its practical application. In this study, we report seven different carboxylic acids used to synthesize LiFePO4/C composite, and influences of carbon sources on electrochemical performance were intensively studied. The structure and electrochemical properties of the LiFePO4/C were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, electrical conductivity, and galvanostatic charge-discharge measurements. Among the materials studied, the sample E with tartaric acid as carbon source exhibited the best cell performance with a maximum discharge capacity of 160 mAh g(-1) at a 0.1 C-rate. The improved electrochemical properties were attributed to the reduced particle size and enhanced electrical contacts by carbon.