The bedside practice of sonographic guided internal jugular vein access in critically ill premature infants

DOĞAN A., Güler A. G., Yurttutan S., Öksüz G.

Minerva Pediatrics, vol.74, no.2, pp.181-187, 2022 (Scopus) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 74 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.23736/s2724-5276.21.06180-2q
  • Journal Name: Minerva Pediatrics
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus, CAB Abstracts, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.181-187
  • Keywords: Catheterization, Hypothermia, Infant, Jugular veins, low birth weight
  • Kayseri University Affiliated: No


© 2021 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA.BACKGROUND: Intrahospital transport, general anesthesia, and the prolonged duration of the central venous catheterization (CVC) in unfavorable conditions pose a significant risk to a critically-ill premature infant. We aimed to demonstrate a minimalized and safe manner of CVC in this patient population. METHODS: We worked on a prospective study in 51 critically-ill premature infants in which a 22 Gauge catheter was put in one of the central thoracic veins with the guidance of sonography as a bedside procedure. Of the patients, 27 (53%) were extremely premature, and 21 (41%) were extremely low birth weight infants (ELBW). The mean gestational age was 29±5 weeks, and the mean weight at the time of the procedure was 1655±1028 grams. While no anesthetic and sedative drugs were administered to ELBW infants during procedures, in the remainder of the cohort, procedures were carried out only under sedoanalgesia. RESULTS: Vascular access was achieved in 48 (94%) of the patients after a mean number of 1.47±0.75 attempts. Body heat loss of the patients at the end of the procedures was not statistically significant (P=0.164). However, ELBW infants lost their body heat significantly more than the rest of the cohort (P=0.032). We experienced clinically insignificant common carotid artery puncture in three patients and hemothorax in one patient. CONCLUSIONS: CVC of critically ill premature infants can be safely and successfully achieved in incubators using sonography guidance, protecting them from hypothermia and anesthetic drugs.