Congenital Myasthenic Syndromes in Turkey: Clinical and Molecular Characterization of 16 Cases With Three Novel Mutations

YILDIRIM S., GÜLEÇ A., Erdoğan M., Demir M., CANPOLAT M., GÜMÜŞ H., ...More

Pediatric Neurology, vol.136, pp.43-49, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 136
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2022.08.001
  • Journal Name: Pediatric Neurology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.43-49
  • Keywords: Congenital myasthenic syndrome, CHRNE, DOK7, Genetic diagnosis, CHILDHOOD MYASTHENIA, THERAPY, DOK-7
  • Kayseri University Affiliated: No


© 2022 Elsevier Inc.Background: Congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMS) are composed of numerous hereditary disorders involving genetic mutations in proteins essential to the integrity of neuromuscular transmission. The symptoms of CMS vary according to the age at onset of symptoms, and the type and severity of muscle weakness. Effective treatment and genetic counseling depend upon the underlying pathogenic molecular mechanism and subtype of CMS. Methods: A retrospective and cross-sectional study was performed with 16 patients with a genetically confirmed diagnosis of CMS to share our experience with clinical symptoms, demographic data, genetic variants, and treatments applied. Results: Sixteen patients with a specific CMS genetic diagnosis (three novel mutations) were identified, including CHRNE (n = 7), DOK7 (n = 2), AGRN (n = 2), RAPSN (n = 1), CHRNA1 (n = 1), CHRNB1 (n = 1), CHAT (n = 1), and SCN4A (n = 1). Age at onset of symptoms ranged from the neonatal period to 12 years. Genetic diagnosis was confirmed between the ages of three months and 17 years. A significant delay was determined between the onset of symptoms and genetic diagnosis of the disease. Conclusions: This study highlights the importance of genetic testing in CMS. Due to the rarity of CMS, more cases will be recognized and reported as the use of laboratory and genetic testing accelerates. We hope that our experience will grow and contribute further to the literature as clinical follow-up and treatment increase.