Children's Perioperative Multidimensional Anxiety Scale (CPMAS): Turkish Validity and Reliability Study


Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing, vol.37, no.6, pp.894-899, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 37 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jopan.2022.01.015
  • Journal Name: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, DIALNET
  • Page Numbers: pp.894-899
  • Keywords: anxiety, children, elective surgery, perioperative period, Children's Perioperative Multidimensional, Anxiety Scale, PREOPERATIVE ANXIETY, VIDEO GLASSES, CARE, INTERVENTION, DISTRACTION, MANAGEMENT, BEHAVIOR
  • Kayseri University Affiliated: No


© 2022 American Society of PeriAnesthesia NursesPurpose: To test the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Children's Perioperative Multidimensional Anxiety Scale (CPMAS). Design: Methodological research model. Methods: One hundred children (81% male) aged 7 to 13 years undergoing elective surgery at a tertiary university hospital were included. Self-administered CPMAS and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-Children were used to collect data at preoperative, operation day, and a month after the operation. Internal consistency, test-retest reliability, parallel form reliability, and content and construct validity of the tools were determined across all three visits. Findings: The CPMAS demonstrated good test-retest reliability (ICC = 0.51 to 0.78) and good internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = 0.78 to 0.81). Inter item correlation values were ranged from 0.20 to 0.62 at preoperative, 0.32 to 0.64 on the day of operation and 0.36 to 0.75 at a month after the operation. CPMAS single-factor construct and the explanatory percentages were 0.54 and above. After Pearson correlation analysis, CPMAS was moderately correlated with State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-Children at T1 (r = 0.54, P < .01) and T2 (r = 0.56, P < .01). Conclusions: The Turkish version of CPMAS has good reliability and validity score. Therefore, it is a suitable instrument to assess perioperative anxiety in 7 to 13 years old children in a clinical setting.