TEKSTIL VE KONFEKSIYON, cilt.22, ss.223-230, 2012 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)
The aim of this study was to understand the effects of softening treatment on pull-out properties of plain, ribs and satin fabric weaves. Polyester woven fabrics were used to conduct the pull-out tests. Data generated from these tests included pull-out force, crimp extension and fabric displacement. A previously developed yarn pull-out fixture was used to perform single and multiple pull-out tests on treated and untreated polyester fabrics. Yarn pull-out forces depend on softening treatment, fabric density, fabric weave, and the number of pulled ends in the fabric. Results showed that multiple and single yarn pull-out forces of treated fabrics were lower than those of untreated fabrics, and the multiple yarn pull-out force was higher than the single yam pull-out force. Treated and untreated plain fabric weaves had high single and multiple pull-out forces compared to those of treated and untreated ribs and satin fabric weaves. Yarn crimp extension depends on directional crimp ratios in the fabric and the number of pulled yarn ends. Directional high crimp ratio fabric showed high yarn crimp extension. Fabric displacement depends on the number of pulled yarn ends and softening treatment. In multiple pull-out test, a high fabric displacement obtained compared to that of the single pull-out test.