Strength performance of Iowa soils stabilized with biofuel industry co-product

Ceylan H., Kim S., Uzer A. U., Yang B.

5th Euro Asia Civil Engineering Forum (EACEF), Surabaya, Indonesia, 15 - 18 September 2015, vol.125, pp.317-323 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 125
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.proeng.2015.11.069
  • City: Surabaya
  • Country: Indonesia
  • Page Numbers: pp.317-323
  • Keywords: Renewable energy, Biofuel, Co-product, Soil stabilization, Lignin, Pavement
  • Kayseri University Affiliated: No


The increasing cost and depletion of fossil-based energy combined with the problems of global warming is driving the development of bio-based energy products from plant biomass as renewable energy. The utilization of biofuel co-product (BCP) in new industrial applications should be investigated to increase the profitability of bio-based products and the bio-energy business. One such area of high-impact application is the stabilization of low quality roadbed soils with sulfur-free lignins found in BCPs. Recently, researchers are taking interest in investigating the viability and use of biofuel derived sulfur-free lignins for soil stabilization. This study aims to investigate the utilization of biofuel co-products (BCPs) containing lignin in pavement geomaterials stabilization. Laboratory tests were conducted to evaluate the effect of BCP addition on strength performance for a wide range of soils encountered in Iowa. Two different sulfur-free lignins were investigated: Co-product A is a liquid material with higher lignin content and co-product B is a powder material with lower lignin content.