Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A, vol.110, no.4, pp.851-860, 2022 (SCI-Expanded)
© 2021 Wiley Periodicals LLC.Implantable thermo-responsive drug-loaded magnetic nanofibers (NFs) have attracted great interest for localized thermo-chemotherapy of cancer tissue/cells. From this perspective, smart polymeric electrospun NFs co-loaded with magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) and a natural polyphenol anticancer agent, curcumin (CUR), were developed to enhance the local hyperthermic chemotherapy against melanoma, the most serious type of skin cancer. CUR/MNPs-loaded thermo-sensitive electrospun NFs exhibited alternating magnetic field (AMF)-responsive heat generation and “ON–OFF” switchable heating capability. Besides, corresponding to the reversible alterations in the swelling ratio, the “ON–OFF” switchable discharge of CUR from the magnetic NFs was detected in response to the “ON–OFF” switching of AMF application. Due to the combinatorial effect of hyperthermia and release of CUR after applying an AMF (“ON” state) for 600 s on the second and third days of incubation time, the viability of the B16F10 melanoma cancer cells exposed to the CUR/MNPs-NFs was reduced by 40% and 17%, respectively. Taken together, the macroscopic and nanoscale features of the smart NFs led to the creation of a reversibly adjustable structure that enabled hyperthermia and facile switchable release of CUR for eradication of melanoma cancer cells.