False positive repression: Data centric pipeline for object detection in brain MRI

Terzi R., AZGINOĞLU N., Terzi D. S.

CONCURRENCY AND COMPUTATION-PRACTICE & EXPERIENCE, vol.34, no.20, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 34 Issue: 20
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/cpe.6821
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, INSPEC, Metadex, zbMATH, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: bias reduction, brain MRI, data centric approach, data processing pipeline, false positive repression, object detection, CLASSIFICATION
  • Kayseri University Affiliated: Yes


One of the problems that often arise during the application of medical research to real life is the high number of false positive cases. This situation causes experts to be warned with false alarms unnecessarily and increases their workload. This study proposes a new data centric approach to reduce bias-based false positive predictions in brain MRI-specific medical object detection applications. The proposed method has been tested using two different datasets: Gazi Brains 2020 and BraTS 2020, and three different deep learning-based object detection models: Mask R-CNN, YOLOv5, and EfficientDet. According to the results, the proposed pipeline outperformed the classical pipeline, up to 18% on the Gazi Brains 2020 dataset, and up to 24% on the BraTS 2020 dataset for mean specificity value without much change in sensitivity metric. It means that the proposed pipeline reduces false positive rates due to bias in real-life applications and it can help to reduce the workload of experts.