Information on the genetic diversity of local melon (Cucumis melo L.) genotypes is important for
breeding and germplasm conservation efforts. This study was to characterize the morphological and
molecular features of local melon (Cucumis melo L.) accessions collected from different regions of
northern Cyprus and Turkey. We studied 32 melon accessions, comprising 19 accessions collected
from different areas in northern Cyprus, 4 hybrid cultivars, and 9 local accessions grown in Turkey.
Their molecular characteristics were determined using sequence-related amplified polymorphism
(SRAP) markers, and their morphological characteristics were determined according to criteria
from the International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants and Institute of Plant
Genetic Resources. Our morphology data classified the 32 melon accessions into two distinct
groups, and our molecular data identified 56 total bands were obtained using 11 SRAP primer
combinations, and 11 of them were polymorphic at molecular characterization. The polymorphism
rate was 0.69－0.96%.