A Novel Method to Improve the Electrochemical Performance of LiMn2O4 Cathode Active Material by CaCO3 Surface Coating


Sahan H., Goktepe H., PATAT Ş.

JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, vol.27, no.5, pp.415-420, 2011 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 27 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/s1005-0302(11)60084-4
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.415-420
  • Keywords: LiMn2O4, CaCO3 surface coating, Cathode material, Capacity fade, Cycleability, Lithium ion battery, LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES, CYCLING PERFORMANCE, ELECTRODE MATERIALS, SPINEL LIMN2O4, STABILITY, INSERTION, VOLTAGE, CELLS, CO

Abstract

Spinel LiMn2O4 was synthesized by glycine-nitrate method and coated with CaCO3 in order to enhance the electrochemical performance at room temperature (25 degrees C) and 55 degrees C. The uncoated and CaCO3-coated LiMn2O4 materials were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and electrochemical tests. XRD and SEM results indicated that CaCO3 particles encapsulated the surface of the LiMn2O4 without causing any structural change. The charge-discharge tests showed that the specific discharge capacity fade of pristine electrode at 25 and 55 degrees C were 25.5% and 52%, respectively. However, surface modified cathode shows 7.4% and 29.5% loss compared to initial specific discharge capacity at 70th cycle for 25 and 55 degrees C, respectively. The improvement of electrochemical performance is attributed to suppression of Mn2+ dissolution into electrolyte via CaCO3 layer.