The Effect Of Covid-19 Fear On Sleep Quality in University Students


Özdemir C., Kızıl H.

BEYKENT 3RD INTERNATIONAL HEALTH SCIENCES RESEARCH DAYS CONGRESS, İstanbul, Turkey, 22 - 25 September 2021

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Unpublished
  • City: İstanbul
  • Country: Turkey
  • Kayseri University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

THE EFFECT OF COVID-19 FEAR ON SLEEP QUALITY IN UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

 

ABSTRACT

 

Introduction and purpose: The new coronavirus (COVID-19) infection, which started in the Wuhan region of China for the first time recently and then started to be detected in many countries of the world and became a pandemic, has affected all people in many ways such as biological, sociocultural and psychological. Various fears and anxieties have started to occur in individuals, affecting their daily life activities. University students at the beginning of the productive age also have various concerns, and it is seen that they have attempts to eliminate their concerns by following channels such as social media, news sites, television programs, and asking questions to their advisors/teachers. During the pandemic process, individuals stayed at home, and during this time, they experienced changes in sleeping habits with sleeping and waking up late. It is a known fact that emotional changes, fears and worries affect sleep and its quality. In this study, it was aimed to determine the effect of fear of COVID-19 on sleep quality in university students.

Method: This research was designed as a descriptive study to determine the effect of university students' fear of COVID-19 on sleep quality. The universe of the study consisted of students studying in associate and undergraduate programs of various private and public universities in Turkey. The sample of the study consisted of a total of 450 students who met the sampling criteria of the study, after explaining the purpose of the study, and who met the sampling criteria of the study. As a data collection tool, the "Individual Characteristics Diagnosis Form", "Corona Virus 19 Phobia (CP19) -S) Scale” and “Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PUKI)” were used. Data were analyzed using SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) for Windows 22.0 program using frequency, independent groups t-test and one-way variance. The significance value was accepted as p<0.05.

Results: Of the students participating in the study, 76.4% were women and 88.2% were health sciences students. 61.6% of the students stated that they slept 6-8 hours a day during the pandemic and 35.3% did not feel rested when they woke up. A significant relationship was found between the Corona Virus 19 Phobia (CP19-S) Scale and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index scores of the participants. CP19-S scale psychological sub-dimension with a sleep quality score of 26.6%, social sub-dimension 29.7%, Covid fear scale somatic sub-neck with sleep disorder 35.8%, CP19-S scale economic sub-length with sleep disorder 27% There is a positive and significant relationship at the level of 3. It was determined that the mean score of the CP19-S scale and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Scale was higher in women.

Conclusion : It was determined that the COVID-19 pandemic had a negative effect on the sleep quality, latency, duration and sleep disturbance of university students. It is recommended to develop coping mechanisms with the COVID-19 pandemic, and to increase and expand individual and community psychosocial support programs.

 

Keywords: Pandemic, COVID-19, Sleep quality