Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology, vol.52, no.1, pp.30-36, 2022 (ESCI)
© 2022 by Turkish Ophthalmological Association Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology, published by Galenos Publishing House.Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate superficial peripapillary vascularization qualitatively and quantitatively in patients with acute non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A). Materials and Methods: Eleven patients with acute NAION and 14 controls were evaluated retrospectively. Complete ophthalmologic examination with best corrected visual acuity, peripheral visual field test, and disc angiography with OCT-A were performed. Quantitative optic disc perfusion indexes were evaluated by the device with automatically segmentation and qualitative comparison of choroidal, retinal, and en-face peripapillary perfusion angiogram images. Results: In the NAION and control groups, mean age was 57.55±12.34 years and 50.79±4.67 years (p=0.110), the proportion of women was 7/11 (63.6%) and 9/14 (60%), and best corrected visual acuity was 0.95±0.63 and 0.00±0.0 LogMAR (p=0.001), respectively. Visual field defect was present in 10/11 (91%) eyes in the NAION group. In 6 patients, visual field defects were correlated with areas of peripapillary and optic nerve head hypoperfusion. In the patient group, optic nerve head capillary density was significantly decreased (p=0.008) and radial peripapillary capillary density was significantly decreased in all sectors except the inferonasal sector. Conclusion: In our study, we observed that visual field evaluations were partially correlated with optic nerve head and peripapillary capillary perfusion assessed by OCT-A. Being practical and non-invasive, OCT-A is a useful and up-to-date method for evaluating perfusion in NAION.