Modeling the exchange rate pass-through in Turkey with uncertainty and geopolitical risk: a Markov regime-switching approach


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BİLGİLİ F., ÜNLÜ F., Gençoğlu P., KUŞKAYA S.

Applied Economic Analysis, vol.30, no.88, pp.52-70, 2022 (SSCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30 Issue: 88
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1108/aea-08-2020-0105
  • Journal Name: Applied Economic Analysis
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Fuente Academica Plus, International Bibliography of Social Sciences, ABI/INFORM, CAB Abstracts, EconLit, Directory of Open Access Journals, DIALNET
  • Page Numbers: pp.52-70
  • Keywords: Economic uncertainty, Exchange rate, Geopolitical risk, Markov regime-switching, Pass-through effect, Turkey
  • Kayseri University Affiliated: No

Abstract

© 2021, Faik Bilgili, Fatma Ünlü, Pelin Gençoğlu and Sevda Kuşkaya.Purpose: This paper aims to investigate the pass-through (PT) effect in Turkey by using quarterly data for the period 1998: Q1-2019: Q2 to understand the dynamic potential effects of exchange rates on domestic prices. Design/methodology/approach: The paper launches several nonlinear models in which the basic determinants of domestic prices in Turkey are determined through Markov regime-switching models (MSMs). Hence, this research follows the variables of the consumer price index (CPI), USD exchange rate, gross domestic product (GDP; demand side of the economy), industrial production index (production side of the economy), economic uncertainty and geopolitical risk index for Turkey. Findings: This work explores that the exchange rate and demand side of the economy (GDP) follow a positive nonlinear relationship with CPI at both regimes. The production side of the economy (IP) affects negatively the CPI during regime 0. Economic uncertainty influences the CPI positively at Regime 1, while geopolitical risk has a negative association with CPI at Regime 0. Eventually, the paper provides some policy proposals associated with the impacts of GDP, IP, economic uncertainty and geopolitical risk on CPI in Turkey. Originality/value: One may claim that any PT model, which does not observe the possible structural or regime shifts in estimated parameters, might fail to estimate the coefficients unbiasedly and efficiently. Hence, this work differs from available relevant works in the literature since this paper considers linearity or nonlinearity important and reveals that the relevant PT model follows a nonlinear path rather than a linear path, this nonlinear path is converged strongly by MSMs and estimates the significant regime shifts in the constant term and, in parameters of independent variables of PT by MSMs.