© 2022 Elsevier LtdSupercapacitors are seemed to be one of the most promising choices as an energy storage system. However, there is still a gap in enhancing its energy density values and cyclic stabilities throughout a facile approach. Herein, it was aimed to propose a facile and effective way to fabricate high-energy supercapacitor electrode material based on reduced graphene oxide (rGO) nanostructure. Bearing this in mind, the bulk rGO powder was irradiated by various beam sources including Co-60, Am-241, Na-22, and Sr-90, and the resultant irradiated rGO samples were utilized as the electrode active material to fabricate symmetrical supercapacitor cells. The irradiated rGO samples were characterized both physicochemically and electrochemically. The physicochemical characterizations revealed that as a consequence of the irradiation, both GO and rGO nanosheets were formed in the resultant powder and the d-spacing of the graphene nanosheets were expanded. The highest electrochemical performance metrics were acquired for Sr-90 irradiated rGO electrode-based supercapacitor cell with the specific capacitance value of 585.44F.g−1 at 0.2 A.g−1, and outstanding capacitance retention performance of 97.14% for the 5000th CV cycles at 200 mV.s−1. Moreover, the energy density and power density values were comparable to other commercial energy storage systems such as lead-acid and nickel-metal hybrid batteries. Hence, it can be speculated that these pioneering breakthroughs could pave the way for cutting-edge high-energy supercapacitors based on rGO-derivatives with superior electrochemical performance metrics, as well as engineering of high-performance rGO-based materials to be employed in various energy applications.