© 2022, Hacettepe University. All rights reserved.With a growing interest in integrating conversation analysis (CA) into exploring and understanding social interaction in Turkish context, the CA methodology has recently been employed in the educational research as well as the research in social sciences. Nevertheless, the number of studies in Turkish literature dealing with the methodology thoroughly seems to be rather limited. The aim of the present paper is to introduce the principles of CA, present detailed information about the phases of data collection and interaction analysis to reach valid and reliable results and shed light on the ethical issues to be taken into consideration in these phases. With the present paper focusing on the issues of validity, reliability and ethics in the CA methodology, we also aim to contribute to the existing literature on conversation and interaction analysis in Turkey and guiding researchers exploring social interaction.