<p>Microwave-assisted fabrication of high-performance supercapacitors based on electrodes composed of cobalt oxide decorated with reduced graphene oxide and carbon dots</p>


Yetiman S., Pecenek H., KILIÇ DOKAN F. , ÖNSES M. S. , Yilmaz E., ŞAHMETLİOĞLU E.

JOURNAL OF ENERGY STORAGE, vol.49, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 49
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.est.2022.104103
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF ENERGY STORAGE
  • Keywords: Carbon dots, Electrochemical studies, Metal oxide, Microwave irradiation, CO3O4 NANOPARTICLES, ENERGY-STORAGE, ELECTROCHEMICAL PERFORMANCE, POROUS CARBON, NANORODS, CAPACITANCE, NANOSHEETS, NANOMATERIALS, TRANSPARENT, GROWTH

Abstract

This study presents microwave-assisted preparation of cobalt oxide (Co3O4) based nanocomposite electrodes doped with carbon dots and reduced graphene oxide. The calcination of the precursors at 400 ? for 2 h results in nanocomposites. A three-electrode cell in 2M KOH solution is used for the electrochemical measurements. The carbon dot containing electrodes enables the highest specific capacitance of 936 Fg(-1) at 0.5 Ag-1 current density. Specific capacitances of pure Co3O4, and Co3O4@RGO electrodes are 448 Fg(-1) and 482 Fg(-1) at 0.5 Ag-1, with good rate capability even at 10 Ag-1, respectively. The cyclic stability of the electrodes is reasonably high and the electrodes retain 93%, 87%, and 88% of their initial capacitance after 10,000 cycles for Co3O4, Co3O4@RGO, and Co3O4@RGO@CDs, respectively. The optimized Co3O4@RGO@CDs electrodes were used to fabricate a symmetric supercapacitor that exhibits high specific capacitance (126 Fg(-1) 0.25 Ag-1) and long cycle life (%81 retention after 10,000 cycles). The fabricated supercapacitor has energy density of 17.5 Wh kg(-1) and power density of 2522 W kg(-1). The outstanding results demonstrate the promise of carbon dots doped transition metal oxides-based nanoparticles as promising electrodes for supercapacitor applications.