TİP I DİYABETLİ HASTANIN HEMŞİRELİK BAKIMINDA ABDELLAH’IN 21 HEMŞİRELİK PROBLEMİ MODELİNİN KULLANIMI: İKİ OLGU SUNUMU


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Kaplan Ö., Kaplan A.

INTERNATIONAL GEVHER NESIBE HEALTH SCIENCES CONFERENCE-VI, Ankara, Turkey, 13 - 15 November 2020, pp.7-8

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • City: Ankara
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.7-8

Abstract

ABSTRACT İntroduction: Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects the life of the individual and their family with various dimensions, requires mandatory lifestyle changes, decreases the quality of life due to its complications and lasts for life with these effects. As a result of these mandatory lifestyle changes, diabetic patients have new requirements regarding diet, exercise and drug use. It is partly possible to meet these needs individually, and health personnel, especially nurses, have an important role to play in meeting these needs. For this reason, nurses should provide full care to the individuals for their physiological, psychological and social needs. Case: Abdellah’s 21 Nursing Problem Model is one of the important nursing models that provides an understandable and easily applicable care to individuals, families and society in line with their needs. According to Abdellah, the nurse; Profesyonel professional help to the individual, family, community; and in developing individual problem-solving skills.” In this model, the patient's health needs are considered as problems. The aim of basic nursing problems is to provide continuous relationship between wide nursing problems and individual needs. According to Abdellah, 21 nursing problems have three main causes. The first is the problems arising from the physical, sociological and emotional needs of the patient, the second is the problems arising from the types of interpersonal relationship between the nurse and the patient, and the third is the problems arising from the general elements of patient care. Nursing problems in Abdellah’s nursing model; basic care requirements (level 1), supportive care requirements (level 2), remedial care requirements (level 3), and reinforcing care requirements (level 4). Such a classification helps to identify the causes of the problems while at the same time facilitating data collection. As a result of data collection, open or closed problems of the patient are determined. Nursing diagnoses are also derived from nursing problems. Nursing problems are expressions guiding the goals to be determined. Therefore, targets are set when the problem is identified. Within the framework of the objectives; a plan is developed, appropriate nursing interventions are identified, implemented and evaluated. Despite the increasing interest in models, the use of models in nursing practice is not common. In this presentation, two cases with Type I diabetes were evaluated according to Abdellah’s 21 Nursing Problem Model, and it was aimed to show the benefits of the use of Abdellah 21s 21 Nursing Problem Model in the care of the individual in the care of the patient with type I diabetes and to show an example of using a model in nursing care. It was observed that the care plan applied by Abdellah's 21 nursing problem models increased the physiological, psychological and social adaptation of patients with type I diabetes. Conclusion: It is considered that Abdellah's 21 Nursing Problem Model, which treats the individual as a biopsychosocial whole, may be appropriate for use in patients with type I diabetes. Key Words: Type I Diabetes, Abdellah, 21 Nursing Problem Model, Nursing, Theory