Adaptation of Some Corn Genotypes to Kayseri Conditions for Grain Yield


BULUT S.

1st Central Asia Congress on Modern Agricultural Techniques and Plant Nutrition, Kyrgyzstan, 1 - 04 October 2013, vol.2, no.2, pp.1485-1494

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 2
  • Country: Kyrgyzstan
  • Page Numbers: pp.1485-1494

Abstract

There are serious qualitative and quantitative problems in forage and fodder supply of Kayseri with significant potential in livestock breeding activities. Farmers grow corn genotypes for both silage and kernel yield but they have no idea about the genetic adaptation capacity of these genotypes to Kayseri conditions. Therefore, in present study, adaptation capacity of 24 different corn genotypes to Kayseri conditions were investigated for kernel yield during the years 2011 and 2012. Considering two-year averages, average cob length was 17.1 cm, cob diameter was 4.9 cm, number of kernel per cob was 523.3, kernel weight per cob was 158.9 g, kernel-cob ratio was 62.8, 1000-kernel weight was 312.9 g, hectoliter weight was 66.5 kg and crude protein ratio was 10.1. With regard to genotypes, the longest cobs were observed in KC 5783, Oran and Carella; the biggest cob ratios in PR 31G98, Hido and Oran; the highest number of kernel per cob in Donana, Oran and PR 31G98; the greatest cob kernel yield in Samada 07, Oran and PR 31A34; the highest kernel-cob ratios in Carella, BC 8605 and DK 585; the highest 1000-kernel weights in Shemal, Hacıbey and PR 31P41; the biggest hectoliter weights in Tauste, PR 31P41 and Prestige; the highest crude protein ratios in Samada 07, Oran, KWS 6565 and Carella genotypes. It was concluded that the genotypes Samada07, Oran, Carella, PR 31P41 and PR 31G98 with their superior kernel yield, kernel crude protein ratio and some other characteristics could reliably be cultivated as the main crop under Kayseri conditions.