© 2022 Elsevier Inc.The present study is concerned with assessing differences in plasticity-induced neurodegeneration-related gene expressions and tau phosphorylation between young-aged and middle-aged rats. The experiments were carried out in vivo under urethane anesthesia on adult male Wistar rats between the ages of 2-3 months and 11-12 months. Field potentials, composed of a field of excitatory-postsynaptic potential (fEPSP) and a population-spike (PS), were recorded from granule cells of the dentate gyrus. Plasticity was induced by high-frequency (HFS) or low frequency stimulation (LFS). mRNA of neurodegeneration-related genes and total-and phosphorylated-tau were measured in HFS-and LFS-induced hippocampus by using quantitative rt-PCR and Western blotting. In addition, naive rats (unstimulated) were tested for spatial learning and memory with a 5-day Morris water maze (MWM). HFS-induced LTP of PS had attenuated in middle-aged rats, but there were no gross differences in baseline synaptic function, HFS-induced fEPSP and LFS-induced fEPSP, and PS plasticity between young-aged and middle-aged rats. Relative to young-aged rats, in middle-aged rats, HFS-induced MAPT, CDK5, and AKT1 genes were more up regulated, while LFS-induced Bace1, PSEN2, CAPN1, ANXA, CDK5, and GSK-3β genes were more down-regulated. Tau and p-tauThr231 were increased by HFS/LFS in the hippocampus of middle-aged rats compared to those of young-aged rats. In MWM, despite the difference in searching strategy of both age groups of rats, memory was not affected by age. Impaired long-term potentiation (LTP) and accompanying changes in intracellular biological markers may underlie in neurodegenerative disease characterized by dementia that occurs gradually later ages. However, these changes were not reflected in behavioral spatial memory.