Determination of Trace Sudan I in Spices by Novel, Green Ionic Liquid Based Microextraction with Spectrophotometry

Ahmed H. E. H., UZCAN F., SOYLAK M.

Analytical Letters, vol.56, no.8, pp.1366-1376, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 56 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/00032719.2022.2131805
  • Journal Name: Analytical Letters
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Metadex, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.1366-1376
  • Keywords: Ionic liquid based microextraction, ionic liquids, microextraction, spectrophotometry, Sudan I, SOLID-PHASE EXTRACTION, WATER SAMPLES, DYES, LEVEL, PRECONCENTRATION, ADSORPTION, REMOVAL, HPLC
  • Kayseri University Affiliated: No


© 2022 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.A new, green method has been developed for the determination of the trace Sudan I prior to spectrophotometric determination. The ionic liquid, 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate ([BMIM][PF6]), was used as an extraction solvent for Sudan I. The analytical parameters which influence the recovery of Sudan I, such as the pH, ionic liquid volume, and sample volume, were optimized. Sudan I was quantitatively extracted at pH 6.0. The influences of matrix components upon the analysis were investigated. The limits of detection (LOD) and quantification (LOQ) were 0.039 µg/L and 0.108 µg/L, respectively. The method was employed to determine Sudan I in food.